CONDITIONS OF SALES AT MAJOR AND SMALLER AUCTIONS

AUTHENTICITY OF ITEMS IS VITALLY IMPORTANT

AUCTIONS OF MENTION AND SMALLER ONES DO HAVE CONDITIONS OF SALES WHICH GUARANTEE THE AUTHENTICITY OF WHAT THEY SELL FOR A LIMITED TIME PERIOD. THAT VARIES FROM WEEKS TO UP TO FIVE YEARS AT THE MAJOR AUCTION HOUSES.

THE NECESSITY FOR GUARANTEES OF AUTHENTICITY IS A VERY IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR MANY HIGH SPENDERS WHO PREFER TO PAY DOUBLE OR TREBLE SUMS AT A MAJOR AUCTION WITH ALL THE GUARANTEES ATTACHED TO THEIR SALES, RATHER THAN SOMEWHERE ELSE WHERE THEY HAVE LIMITED TIME GUARANTEES. IF A DISPUTE ABOUT AN ITEM ARISES, THAT TAKES YEARS TO SORT OUT IN MANY CASES AND THAT MIGHT ANNUL ALL LEGAL ACTION.

MY OWN EXPERIENCES IN BUYING FAKES WORKS OF ART ARE TERRIBLE TO SAY THE LEAST AND THE STORY BELOW GOES TO A GREAT EXTEND TO EXPLAIN WHY IT IS REFERABLE TO MOST TO PAY THE AUCTION MORE RATHER THAN BUY CHEAPER A FAKE!!

Carlo Brancaccio

(Italian, [1861-1920], Painter of Italian harbour and coastal scenes as well as city views. Well regarded and collected by international collectors as well as Italians. Auction price range £2000- 30,000)

April 1989, Christie’s South Kensington, London

What happened with the first painting I bought at Christie’s South Kensington the same evening as the Constantinople painting? Was the Brancaccio the money-spinner I hoped for? The amount I had paid was far less than what the market dictated and I was worried in case it was not genuine, even though it had been had catalogued as such.

When buyers view art at auction certain details are not as clear and obvious for many reasons.

· There might not be time to research items before purchasing them.

· It is impossible to take apart a painting in a saleroom during viewing to check how old or indeed how genuine the painting might be based on the condition of the canvas or the material it is executed on.

The Brancaccio painting was attractive enough but there were two issues I was worried about:

· The painting should have been included in a 19th century paintings’ sale and not a marine one. Was the expert on marine art experienced enough to recognize a genuine Brancaccio or indeed a fake one?

· The canvas looked rather fresh, new and clean for a painting that was supposed to be eighty years old plus, so I was suspicious of its authenticity.

Once I had collected the painting from Christie’s and brought it home, I got down to detective work immediately. Experience of six years was put to work. I needed to make sure that the Brancaccio was a sound investment by checking basic facts. Easy to do and no damage to the painting at all:

· I took the canvas off the new frame in order to examine the painting thoroughly.

· The first thing I noticed was that the painting was relined with an old looking brownish canvas, a fact I had failed to see at the viewing. That means there was a new canvas applied to the old one for support. That is normal for old or damaged paintings, a necessary practice that keeps paintings secure and alive. Relining also allows restoration to take place. However, the original first canvas of the Brancaccio did not look old to me. Why was it relined then?

Being suspicious when buying art is not paranoia or stupidity. Experience in the business taught me plenty of lessons and here I was put to the test by the vendors of this painting. I had no issues in checking the painting like a detective as I had risked £1200, which I was not prepared to lose under any circumstances.

· With a small pair of pincers, I lifted up the new canvas at the edge, just slightly, in order to see the condition of the old, original canvas. The old canvas was brand-new, a canvas of yesterday not eighty years old as it should have been.

I needed no other proof. The painting was a clever, modern fake beautifully signed and made to deceive. I picked up the phone and immediately informed Christie’s about the true identity of the Brancaccio. The process to reverse the sale was simple and easy:

· I wrote a letter to Christie’s informing them that the painting was not a Brancaccio.

· I returned the painting to Christie’s a few days later in the same condition I had bought it. Please always remember how long you have as a guarantee when buying at auction as it varies from auction to auction.

Christie’s apparently checked the painting out with the expert on the artist who confirmed what had become obvious to me once I had checked the painting closely. The Carlo Brancaccio was a good, deliberate fake. Christie’s returned my money promptly as their conditions of sale provided. Christie’s expert, as I suspected, had made a hasty cataloguing without checking the painting thoroughly. Was the expert qualified enough to catalogue such a painting?

How many investors buy at auction in good faith, keep the item for years and never question the attribution until somebody alerts them too late that the artwork is possibly wrong?

The guarantee of auctions is anything up to five years maximum, so please check well what you have bought within the time of guarantee. No restitution after that. Luckily, that fake Brancaccio was the reason I had bought the painting of Constantinople. Another coincidence, another stroke of luck or a knowledgeable investor determined to succeed?

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